Meldungen

"Endlosschleifen im Kopf"

Beitrag zum Thema Ohrwurm in SWR2 vom 10. Dezember 2017:

"Jeder kennt sie, kaum einer mag sie: Ohrwürmer. Schon länger beschäftigen sich Psychologen und Mediziner mit dem Phänomen. Inzwischen weiß man, wie sie in den Kopf hinein kommen und was man dagegen tun kann. Musikforscher aus Hannover versuchen nun auch zu erklären, was neuronal im Kopf vor sich geht, wenn eine Melodie in Schleife läuft. Leonie Seng fasst den aktuellen Stand der Forschung zusammen."

Hier zum Nachhören.

 

Mittwoch, 23.04.2014 09:44 - Alter: 4 Jahre

Expert pianists do not listen: the expertise-dependent influence of temporal perturbation on the production of sequential movements

M C Marieke van der Steen, Eva B D Molendijk, Eckart Altenmüller Neuroscience

Link zum Artikel in Neuroscience

Abstract

Auditory information plays an important role in fine motor control such as speech and musical performance. The purpose of this study was to assess expertise-dependent differences in the role of temporal information of auditory feedback in the production of sequential movements. Differences in motor responses to the transient delay of tone production during musical performance between expert pianists and non-musicians were evaluated. Compared to expert pianists, non-musicians showed more pronounced movement disruptions following the delayed auditory feedback. For example, in response to a perturbation the inter-keystroke interval was prolonged and the key-press was longer in non-musicians, while the expert pianist marginally shortened both measures. These distinct differences between groups suggest that extensive musical training influences feedback control in sequential finger movements. Furthermore, there was a significant positive correlation between the age at which the expert pianists commenced their musical training and the amount of disruption. Overall, these findings suggest that expert pianists have a higher level of robustness against perturbations and depend less on auditory feedback during the performance of sequential movements.

Zuletzt bearbeitet: 13.12.2017

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