Meldungen

"Endlosschleifen im Kopf"

Beitrag zum Thema Ohrwurm in SWR2 vom 10. Dezember 2017:

"Jeder kennt sie, kaum einer mag sie: Ohrwürmer. Schon länger beschäftigen sich Psychologen und Mediziner mit dem Phänomen. Inzwischen weiß man, wie sie in den Kopf hinein kommen und was man dagegen tun kann. Musikforscher aus Hannover versuchen nun auch zu erklären, was neuronal im Kopf vor sich geht, wenn eine Melodie in Schleife läuft. Leonie Seng fasst den aktuellen Stand der Forschung zusammen."

Hier zum Nachhören.

 

Donnerstag, 22.05.2014 09:53 - Alter: 4 Jahre

Neuer Artikel in den "Annals of Neurology"

Surmounting retraining limits in Musicians' dystonia by transcranial stimulation

Shinichi Furuya, Michael A. Nitsche, Walter Paulus and Eckart Altenmüller

onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ana.24151/abstract;jsessionid=DBD3B73B7207DE2CFF0229FD654ABA2C.f01t01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Abnormal cortical excitability is evident in various movement disorders that compromise fine motor control. Here we tested whether skilled finger movements can be restored in musicians with focal hand dystonia through behavioral training assisted by transcranial direct current stimulation to the motor cortex of both hemispheres.METHODS: The bilateral motor cortices of 20 pianists (10 with focal dystonia, 10 healthy controls) were electrically stimulated noninvasively during bimanual mirrored finger movements.

RESULTS: We found improvement in the rhythmic accuracy of sequential finger movements with the affected hand during and after cathodal stimulation over the affected cortex and simultaneous anodal stimulation over the unaffected cortex. The improvement was retained 4 days after intervention. Neither a stimulation with the reversed montage of electrodes nor sham stimulation yielded any improvement. Furthermore, the amount of improvement was positively correlated with the severity of the symptoms. Bihemispheric stimulation without concurrent motor training failed to improve fine motor control, underlining the importance of combined retraining and stimulation for restoring the dystonic symptoms. For the healthy pianists, none of the stimulation protocols enhanced movement accuracy.

INTERPRETATION: These results suggest a therapeutic potential of behavioral training assisted by bihemispheric, noninvasive brain stimulation in restoring fine motor control in focal dystonia. ANN NEUROL 2014.

Zuletzt bearbeitet: 13.12.2017

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