Meldungen

"Endlosschleifen im Kopf"

Beitrag zum Thema Ohrwurm in SWR2 vom 10. Dezember 2017:

"Jeder kennt sie, kaum einer mag sie: Ohrwürmer. Schon länger beschäftigen sich Psychologen und Mediziner mit dem Phänomen. Inzwischen weiß man, wie sie in den Kopf hinein kommen und was man dagegen tun kann. Musikforscher aus Hannover versuchen nun auch zu erklären, was neuronal im Kopf vor sich geht, wenn eine Melodie in Schleife läuft. Leonie Seng fasst den aktuellen Stand der Forschung zusammen."

Hier zum Nachhören.

 

Mittwoch, 04.03.2015 09:28 - Alter: 3 Jahre

From embouchure problems to embouchure dystonia?

A survey of self-reported embouchure disorders in 585 professional orchestra brass players

International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health (Impact Factor: 2.1). 12/2013; DOI: 10.1007/s00420-013-0923-4

Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Data concerning embouchure problems in professional brass players are scarce. Embouchure problems can potentially lead to focal dystonia. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of distinct embouchure problems in professional brass players. Furthermore, the frequency of "cramping", a distinct symptom of embouchure dystonia, was evaluated in the context of established embouchure dystonia risk factors.
Five hundred and eighty-five professional brass players participated in a cross-sectional study concerning embouchure problems. A self-administered questionnaire was developed to evaluate embouchure fatigue, embouchure disorders and their consequences. To study the association between risk factors and cramping (a symptom of embouchure dystonia), a log-binomial regression analysis was conducted, enabling estimation of prevalence ratios (PR) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI).
Thirty percent (95 % CI 25.9-33.3) reported embouchure fatigue. The relative frequency of embouchure disorders was 59 % (95 % CI 54.6-63.6), with 26 % (95 % CI 22.4-29.5) reporting embouchure cramping. Embouchure disorders resulted in sick leave in 16 % (95 % CI 12.7-20.6). Female brass players (PR 2.0, 95 % CI 0.98-3.98) and musicians with a prior change in their embouchure (PR 2.4, 95 % CI 1.38-4.05) or breathing technique (PR 2.2, 95 % CI 1.25-3.72) and musicians with embouchure fatigue (PR 1.9, 95 % CI 1.18-2.93) presented more frequently with embouchure cramping than musicians with other or without risk factors.
This study shows a high relative frequency of embouchure problems in professional brass players. Given that embouchure dystonia is often preceded by embouchure problems, these findings may assist in gaining further insight into the characteristics of embouchure dystonia and the development of preventive strategies.

Zuletzt bearbeitet: 13.12.2017

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